Shade & Ornamental Tree Descriptions

Our size and growth descriptions are our best estimate for a healthy 30 year old tree grown under average conditions. Keep in mind that the mature size of a tree varies by weather and soil conditions, stress factors and cultural practices (mulching, fertilizing, watering etc.)


Brandywine Maple    Ht: 25 ft.   Sprd: 12 ft.  A dense, oval shaped canopy provides an interesting accent or shade tree for a smaller yard, or nook in the garden. Green leaves turn intense red then deep purple in the fall. Seedless.

Burgundy Belle Maple    Ht: 30-45 ft.   Sprd: 25-35 ft.  This is an outstanding new variety of red maple that has a uniquely attractive shape. Dark green leaves provide a dense canopy for shade spring/summer then turning brilliant red and orange finally to rich burgundy in fall.

Celebration Maple     Ht: 45 ft.  Sprd: 20-25 ft.  This fast growing maple combines the advantage of the Silver and Red Maples with a uniform, oval shape that is perfect for a narrower space. Large, deeply serrated green leaves decorate this favorite shade tree until its celebration of brilliant red to gold in fall. Seedless. Drought tolerant.

Crimson King Maple     Ht: 35-40 ft.  Sprd: 30-35 ft.  A slower growing maple with a dense, rounded form whom matures into a gorgeous accent or shade tree with rich maroon leaves throughout the entire growing season. 

Emerald Queen Maple   Ht: 50 ft.  Sprd: 40 ft.  One of the best Norway Maple cultivars. It forms a well shaped oval tree with good environmental tolerance and reliable yellow color. Fast growing.

Legacy Sugar Maple    Ht:50 ft.   Sprd: 35 ft.  A fast growing shade tree with a dense, somewhat ovular, crown. Rich green leaves are resistant to summer heat and leaf tatter. This variety is truly a spectacular sight with its exceptional fall color in shades of brilliant red, pinks and orange.


Sugar Maple     Ht: 50-60 ft.   Sprd: 40-50 ft.  Exceptional, vigorous grower with an upright-oval form and strong branching habit. Thick, leathery, dark green foliage has a waxy coating on the leaves to protect them from hot, windy, and dry conditions in the summer making it fairly drought tolerant. Sugar maples are known for their intense orange to scarlet fall color display.


October Glory Maple   Ht: 40-50 ft.  Sprd: 25-35 ft. Small, showy red ‘flowers’ appear in early spring before the dark green leaves emerge. A rapid growing Maple that turns brilliant, rich red in fall. Tolerates dry and wet soils.

Redsunset Maple     Ht: 50 ft.  Sprd: 30-40 ft.  Fairly rapid growth rate. Showy red ‘flowers’ in spring. Leaves turn brilliant scarlet reds in the fall. Tolerates moist soil. Our most popular shade tree.

Red Rocket Maple  Ht: 30-35 ft.   Sprd: 8-12 ft.  A strong columnar shaped maple ideal for smaller landscapes, or street tree. Showy red flower clusters early spring with red emergent foliage turning green through summer. Excellent scarlet red fall color.

Royal Red Maple     Ht: 35-40 ft.   Sprd: 20-25 ft.  A type of Norway Maple that is similar to ‘Crimson King.’ A slow growing, dense shade tree. A well-shaped canopy, which is conical when young becoming broadly round with age. The glossy foliage is an excellent maroon red all season.

Sugar Maple     Ht: 50-60 ft.   Sprd: 40-50 ft.  Dense, rounded crown, great shade tree. Reputation for spectacular fall color of orange, gold and scarlet.

Sun Valley Maple     Ht: 45 ft.   Sprd: 35 ft.  A fairly fast grower with a symmetrical rounded to oval crown. Medium green foliage turns brilliant red in a long-lasting fall color display. Great for use as a shade tree. Will tolerate wet, but well drained soils if needed. Seedless.


Clump River Birch (Dura Heat) #15 pot Only    Ht: 40-50 ft.  Sprd: 30-40 ft.  Cinnamon brown exfoliating bark creates an interesting winter effect. Resistant to bronze birch borer. Dark green summer foliage, golden yellow fall color. Can tolerate wet conditions.


Columnar European Hornbeam     Ht: 30 ft.  Sprd: 20 ft. An attractive, columnar tree with dense branches when young, spreading into a broad cone with age. Tolerates heat and drought conditions when established. Small serrated green leaves turn yellow in the fall. Great as a street tree or for screening.

Frans Fontaine Hornbeam   Ht.:  30-35 ft.   Sprd: 15-20 ft.  Crisply serrated green leaves on a narrow, upright columnar form. Can be used as a tall screen or hedge by planting 10 ft apart in a row. Also a great specimen tree for a small nook or opening in the garden. Smooth, gray, textured bark. Bright, gold fall color.


Appalachian Red Redbud    Ht: 15-25 ft.  Sprd: 15-25 ft.  One of the most stunning selections of our native Redbud is set ablaze with vivid deep-fuchsia-red blooms in spring before the leaves emerge. Large heart shaped leaves adorn this uniquely shaped tree. Great for partly shady spot, edges of woodlands, or full sun. Golden fall color.

Lavender Twist Redbud  Ht: 8-10 ft.  Sprd: cascading form.  Weeping variety of the popular Eastern Redbud. An unusual specimen with bright purplish-pink sweet pea shaped blooms in spring before the green, heart shaped leaves emerge. Deep green leaves turning brilliant yellow in the fall.


Celestial Dogwood     Ht: 15-20 ft.  Sprd: 15-20 ft.  A Rutgers hybrid variety with greater disease and borer resistance. A cross between ‘florida’ and ‘kousa’ this tree blooms mid to late spring. Young flowers have a greenish tinge opening to white. Red fall leaf color.

Cherokee Brave Dogwood    Ht: 15-20 ft.   Sprd: 15-20 ft. Deservedly one of the most popular American Dogwoods. Spectacular large rosy red flower in early spring followed by rubust burgundy spring foliage turning to green until its gorgeous brilliant red-marron show of fall color.  

Heart Throb Kousa Dogwood    Ht: 15-20 ft.   Sprd: 15-20 ft.  Luscious green foliage with showy heavy vein structure turns a deep purplish- red in fall. A long blooming period from late May through June. Large, rose-pink 4” blooms give way to pink raspberry-like fruit. 

Summer Fun Kousa Dogwood   Ht: 10-12 ft.  Sprd: 10-12 ft. A variegated leaf variety of Kousa Dogwood. Foliage matures to a light green foliage with bright white slightly wavy edges. Late spring brings large star shaped white flowers. Fall brings red – orange with a pink margin color to the leaves. Red Berries in fall.

China Girl Kousa Dogwood    Ht:  15-20 ft.   Sprd: 15-20 ft.   Improved early flowering for m of Kousa Dogwood. Masses of large, creamy-white flowers cover the tree in June. Brightly colored strawberry-like fruits in late summer.

Kousa Dogwood (Single-Stem / Multi-Stem)    Ht: 15-20 ft.  Sprd: 15 ft.  Large shrub or small tree with large white flowers blooming end of May/ beginning of June. Blooms last up to one month. Dark green leaves in summer turning reddish purple and scarlet in fall. Fruit is pinkish red to red resembling a large raspberry in form. Exfoliating bark gives a year round effect.

Satomi Kousa Dogwood    Ht: 12-15 ft.  Sprd: 15 ft. A type of Kousa Dogwood with large 4 petaled flowers that range from mediu, pink to rose pink depending on environmental factors. Profuse blooms in June after leafing out. Attractive horizontal branching with deep green foliage turning shades of red to deep red in fall.

Stellar Pink Dogwood     Ht: 15-20 ft.  Sprd: 15-20 ft. A cross between ‘florida’ and ‘kousa’ this Rutgers hybrid has a greater resistance to disease and borers. Pink blooms in mid to late spring. Brilliant red leaf color in fall.


Winter King Hawthorn     Ht: 25-35 ft.   Sprd: 20-25 ft.  Dense, rounded, vase-shaped tree with glossy green foliage that turns purple to scarlet or gold to bronze in the fall. Showy, large white flower clusters are followed by bright red fruit that persist through winter. Thorn

Candymint    Ht: 8-10 ft.   Sprd: 15-20 ft. A gorgeous specimen with a wide-spreading habit. Foliage emerges dark maroon, then the serrated leaves fade to green while the veins and petiole keep a reddish hue. Deep carmine red buds open to pink blooms followed by ¼” dark maroon, persistent fruit. Works well where a low, horizontal element is needed. Disease resistant

Prairifire     Ht: 20 ft.  Sprd: 20 ft.  This outstanding flowering disease resistant tree was named the 1996 Iowa Tree of the Year. Foliage emerges reddish-maroon maturing to dark green. Red buds open to dark purplish red flowers followed by 1/2” dark red-purple persistent fruit.

Red Baron    Ht: 18-20 ft.  Sprd: 12 ft.  This tree is columnar in youth becoming rounded at maturity. Deep red buds open to 2” single red flowers. The dark green foliage is tinged red and provides a nice back drop for the glossy dark red ½” persistent fruit.

Royal Raindrops    Ht: 15-20 ft.  Sprd: 10-15 ft.  Eye popping magenta-pink blooms in spring give way to glossy deep purple cutleaf foliage, which maintains richness through the heat of summer. Bronze, orange and purple fall color with tiny, persistent, bright red fruits are prized by birds and add winter interest. Disease Resistant.

Sugar Thyme   Ht: 15-20 ft.  Sprd: 10-15 ft.  Pale pink buds open to masses of gorgeous, fragrant, snowy white flowers in spring completely covering the tree. Upright, oval form with glossy green leaves show off the small, deep red berries fall through winter, which are eaten by birds. Orange fall color. Disease Resistant.


Accolade Cherry   Ht: 20-25 ft.   Sprd: 10-15 ft. A small spreading tree with lots of dark pink buds opening to pink semi-double flowers in early spring. Ideal for small garden spaces. Orange-Gold fall color.

Autumnalis Cherry    Ht: 25-30 ft.  Sprd: 25-30 ft. Loose branching, bushy with a flattened crown, double white or pinkish white flowers often blooming during a warm autumn or winter, as well as in early spring.

Kwanzan Cherry     Ht: 20-25 ft.  Sprd: 20-25 ft.  Pendulous double deep pink flowers, 2 ½” in diameter, makes this one of the showiest oriental cherries. New foliage appears coppery-bonze in color. As leaves mature they turn green, fall color is reddish copper. Upright spreading vase shaped form. One of the varieties used in Washington D.C.’s cherry blossom display.

Okame Cherry    Ht: 25 ft.  Sprd: 20 ft. Upright, oval form and fast growing. Dark green, finely textured leaves with single pink flowers in March or early April. You will be blown away each year with an explosion of clustered carmine pink flowers. Yellow-orange to orange-red fall color. A must have.

Pink Weeping Cherry     Ht: 15-20 ft.  Sprd: 15-20 ft.  Outstanding ornamental tree with graceful weeping branches covered with double pink flowers appearing before the foliage. Dark green foliage turns yellow in the fall.

Royal Burgundy Cherry    Ht: 20-25 ft.  Sprd: 20-25 ft. Reddish purple foliage all season with large double deep pink flowers in mid-spring. Upright spreading vase form.

Snowgoose Cherry:   Ht: 20-25 ft.  Sprd: 20-25 ft. Gorgeous snow white flowers appear on this vase-shaped wide branched (with age) Cherry in spring. Bright, glossy, green foliage turns golden in fall.

Whitcombi Cherry:   Ht: 25-30 ft.   Sprd: 25-30 ft. One of the earliest spring blooming Cherries. Flowers open dark pink and fade to almost white before dropping. Serrated dark green leaves and typical reddish brown bark.

Cleveland/Chanticlear Pear      Ht: 25-30 ft.  Sprd: 15 ft.  Hardy pyramidal tree with clusters of showy white blooms in spring. Glossy green foliage turns reddish-orange to plum in fall.

Pin Oak     Ht: 60 ft.  Sprd: 45 ft.  A rapid growing pyramidal oak, with slightly drooping branches. Many lobed sharply pointed leaves which hang onto the tree into winter. Green leaves turning scarlet in fall.

Red Oak     Ht: 60-75 ft.  Sprd: 60 ft.  Fastest grower of the oaks. One of the easiest to transplant. Good street or landscape tree with dense lustrous foliage. Autumn color is red to reddish brown.

Scarlet Oak   Ht: 60 ft.   Sprd: 35-40 ft.  Matures to a broad pyramidal shape with glossy, dark green foliage turns scarlet in fall. Leaves persist on trees into winter. Fast growing.

Swamp White Oak    Ht: 50-60 ft.  Sprd: 50-60 ft.  Great tree for moist or swampy areas, but also does well in well drained soil. Can tolerate salt and soil compaction. A broad, open crown with gray brown ragged shedding bark. Shiny, dark green shallow lobed leaves are with silvery white undersides. Yellow, sometimes purplish fall color.

London Plane Sycamore     Ht: 90 ft.  Sprd: 60-70 ft.  Rapid growing adaptable shade tree with large leaves that turn yellow in the fall. Camouflaged grey and silver colored bark exfoliates, leaving a chalky, white, smooth look as the tree matures. Heat, drought, and pollution resistant.

Green Vase Zelkova    Ht: 60-70 ft.  Sprd: 35-45 ft. Vase-shaped with low branching in youth developing ascending branches with maturity. A vigorous tree with dark green foliage that turns yellow-orange-brown in fall. Fine-textured, serrated foliage provides dappled shade. Very tolerant to wind and pollution once established.

Malus - Crabapple

Acer - Maple

Betula - Birch

Crataegus - Hawthorn

Cornus - Dogwood

Cercis - Redbud

Carpinus - Hornbeam

Pyrus - Flowering Pear

Prunus - Flowering Cherry


Quercus - Oak


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